The Institute of Chemistry is credited worldwide for research concerning novel advanced materials (e.g. technologically important nanomaterials or fullerene based polymers) and new methods of organic synthesis (synthesis of biologically active compounds, solid phase organic synthesis, and ‘green chemistry’ oriented synthetic methods). The Institute is also involved in environmental chemical analysis (particularly new methods of determination of traces of noble metals and selected organic compounds in environment), new spectroscopic and electrochemical detection methods in flow solution systems (FIA, CE, HPLC), and in bioelectrochemical studies of natural and lipid monolayers, bilayers, and membranes.

The Institute of Biology has been successfully working on the use of research concerning the flow of genes between populations in the protection of plants and animal species. The research is carried out in the protected areas of northeastern Poland. Since 2008, in the village Gugny, a modern field station has been operating. This station contributes significantly to the development of fauna and flora research in the Biebrza Valley. Apart from that, the Institute of Biology carries out laboratory research concerning physiology and biochemistry of live organisms as well as research on ecology of land and water organisms. Moreover, the Faculty biologists administer outstanding Professor Andrzej Myrcha Natural Science Museum, which is visited by thousands of guests annually.